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Clear foil




Phoenix D.IIa K.u.K.

Phoenix D.IIa K.u.K.
Code: 72038

Wien's aircraft factory Phoenix Flugzeugwerke AG developed successful fighter plane Phoenix D.I in 1917. There was successful plane. Is flying characteristic was very good but performances was average only. The Phoenix design department, guided by young but competent Diplom-Ingenieur Leo Kirsten modified D.I type to improve maneuverability and performances. There were designed new types D.II and D.IIa respectively. The fuselage and wing cellule of the D.II's were lightened. The engine was the same - 200hp Hiero. The wing system created by Diplom-Ingenieur Edmund Sparmann had a one piece straight upper wing and vertical wings struts. The new tailplane had balanced elevator. The small head rest was deleted with others minor modifications. The armament was the same as D.I: twin synchronized Schwarzlose 8.8 mm machine guns mounted well forward alongside the engine.

Flight testing performed in May clocked an exceptional time of 19 minutes to reach 5 000 meters. Maneuverability and performances were rapidly improved. There were ordered three series of the Phoenix D.II type in the start of 1918 year. They were differed by three engine manufacturers: Eisler, Warchalowski and Co, Austro-Fiat Werke (Fi) and Maschinenbau AG Breitfeld-Danek and Co (Bd). The numbers assigned were:

Phoenix D.II 122.01 to 122.26 200hp Hiero
Phoenix D.II 222.01 to 222.14 200hp Hiero(Fi)
Phoenix D.II 322.01 to 322.08 200hp Hiero(Bd)

Only one serie of the Phoenix D.Ila was ordered:
Phoenix D.II 422.01 to 422.248 230hp Hiero

Because of slow deliveries of the 230hp Hiero engine, about ten D.IIa's fighters were accepted with the 200 hp Hiero instead.

The production af both types began in March 1918. The first fighters were dispatched to the Front in May 1918. Several accidents were caused by engine bearer failure. Phoenix factory had to supply reinforcement kits at no charge. Modifications was completed in July 1918. An unusual incident occurred in June 1918: the pilot was killed on account of wing failure. The D.II/D.IIa fighters were highly regarded by fighter pilots. They appreciated the extra power and solid construction, indeed the D.II was not as strong as the D.I.

Ten machines were transferred to the Navy (designated J.21 to J.30) and assigned to defense of naval bases.

For more information we recommend:
• Windsock Datafile No. 31 "Phoenix D.I - D.II" by Peter M. Grosz.
Published by Albatros Publications, 1992, ISBN 0-98414-37-5
• Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One by Grosz, Haddow and Schiemer.
Published by Flying Machines Press, 1993, ISBN 0-9637110-0-8
• Air Aces of the Austro-Hungarian Empire 1914-1918 by Dr. Martin O'Connor.
Published by Flying Machines Press, 1986, ISBN 0-9637110-1-6

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